Web Development

Jun 9, 2020

Ruby vs Python: Difference Between Ruby and Python

Programming and coding have got to a whole next level due to the latest progress introduced in the web app development industry. From relevant aspects to testing, this progress has brought some great benefits for the app development companies.

Here, we will discuss the two most popular and used languages and development frameworks, Ruby vs Python. Both are next-gen web development technologies, however, they are skidding into the app development companies as well. With the essence of excellent features and powerful functions, these technologies are providing huge benefits to developers and app development companies.

What is Ruby? 

Ruby is an open-source, general-purpose, and interpreted object-oriented programming language. Yukihiro Matsumoto designed it in 1995. Ruby is a fully object-oriented language, and hence, in it, everything is an object. Also, object-oriented programming gives a clear modular structure for the developer's projects.

Ruby boasts of dynamic typing, automated memory management, garbage collection, and more. It is a very innovative & friendly language. So, while you receive plenty of features to choose from, Ruby also admits new implementations and updates. Besides, Ruby has a host of helpful web frameworks, with Ruby on Rails taking the crown.


What is Python?

Python is a high-level, general-purpose, cross-platform, and object-oriented programming language. It was developed in 1989 by Guido van Ross-um. The feature that makes Python beginner-friendly is its simple syntax that is easy to learn, clear to understand, and simple to write in. This is how Python speeds up development without compromising on reliability or scalability. 

It is one of the quickest programming languages because it needs a few lines of code. Its importance is on readability and ease, which makes it an excellent choice for beginners.

Python is a very flexible and versatile programming language that can provide to different requirements and be used for:

  • Web development
  • Machine Learning
  • Fintech
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • The Scholarly Community and Science

Similarities Ruby VS Python

  • Both are scripting, server-side, cross-platform, general-purpose programming languages.
  • Both are accessible under open-source licenses, namely OSI-approved (Ruby) and FSF-approved (Python) licenses. So, you don't require paying any license charges to use them.
  • Both are high-level scripting languages, and hence, their programs don't need to be compiled.
  • Both languages are dynamically typed, which means that you don't have to declare variables firsthand. 
  • Both languages are available through Lambda functions at AWS.

Differences Ruby VS Python

  • Python supports multiple inheritances while Ruby supports single inheritance.
  • Python is essentially used for academic, AI, machine learning, data analysis, and scientific programming while Ruby is used for web development.
  • Python is not a fully object-oriented programming language. Whereas Ruby is a fully object-oriented programming language.
  • In Python a variable is set, so you can't unset it back while in Ruby It will be present in the symbol table as long as the variable is in scope.
  • Python is very clear and elegant to read while Ruby can be very difficult to debug at times.
  • Python has methods while Ruby has functions.

Advantages and Disadvantages Of Ruby

Advantages of Ruby
  • Offers freedom to developers to apply creative solutions
  • Ruby has a clean and easy syntax, which allows a new developer to learn very quickly and easily.
  • Just like Python, it's open source.
  • Ruby language was developed to make the developer's work faster, and it allows freedom to developers to develop any size of the web app in a short time.
Disadvantages of Ruby
  • It is not easy to debug tasks in Ruby
  • It offers fewer use cases other than web development
  • The documentation, also as community and support on Ruby, are limited.
  • Important libraries are difficult to find.
  • There is a consistent decline in the popularity of Ruby language.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Python

Advantages of Python
  • Easy to learn and use;
  • Python has excellent readability and simple syntax that follows the English language;
  • Enjoys a very stable and different community;
  • Python has plenty of uses, including web development, academia, machine learning, data analysis, and scientific programming;
  • It is open-source, means it’s free to use and distribute, also used for commercial purposes;
  • keeps on increasing in popularity.
  • Python provides an interactive shell that helps you to check before its actual implementation.
  • Python gives database interfaces to all major commercial DBMS systems.
Disadvantages of Python
  • it’s one of the most significant languages available, it can be considered inelegant and wasteful when compared to Ruby because of its specific style;
  • it’s not native to mobile environment;
  • Python is an interpreted language, That's why it can be slower than other languages.